How Accurate are the Results of Background Checks?
Background checks are a common practice in today's world, and they are utilized by employers, landlords, and even those looking for potential romantic partners. The premise of a background check is simple; it is the process of verifying an individual's personal or professional history to ensure that they are who they claim to be, and to determine if they have a history of criminal activity, drug use, or other nefarious activities. While background checks can provide valuable information for employers and others seeking to make informed decisions, the question remains: How accurate are the results of background checks?
The short answer is that the accuracy of background checks varies widely depending on several factors. When done correctly, background checks can provide a wealth of information that can aid in decision-making. However, when done incorrectly or carelessly, background checks can result in inaccurate information that can harm individuals' prospects for employment, housing, and other opportunities. In this article, we'll dive deeper into the accuracy of background checks and the factors that affect their accuracy.
Types of Background Checks
Before we dive into the accuracy of background checks, let's first discuss the various types of background checks that are available.
1) Criminal Background Checks: These types of background checks are used to identify any criminal history an individual may have. This includes arrests, convictions, and even traffic violations. Depending on the thoroughness of the background check, it may even include information about outstanding warrants or sex offender registry status.
2) Employment Verification: Employment verification background checks are done to verify an individual's employment history. Employers may use this type of background check to confirm previous employment, job titles, dates of employment, and job responsibilities.
3) Educational Verification: Educational background checks are done to verify an individual's educational history. This type of background check is often used by employers and academic institutions to ensure that a candidate actually earned the degree or credentials they claim to have.
4) Credit Checks: Credit checks are commonly used by lenders to evaluate an individual's creditworthiness. They provide information about an individual's credit history, including loan balances, credit card debt, and payment history.
Accuracy of Background Checks
As previously stated, the accuracy of background checks varies widely. However, the accuracy of background checks is impacted by several critical factors.
1) The Quality of Data: The most important factor in the accuracy of background checks is the quality of data available. Inaccurate or incomplete data can lead to incorrect conclusions.
2) The Depth of Background Checks: The depth of background checks has a direct impact on their accuracy. A superficial search may miss crucial information that could make a significant difference in the findings.
3) The Type of Background Check: The type of background check can also impact the accuracy of the results. For example, a credit check may not reveal any information about an individual's criminal history, but a criminal background check won't reveal anything about their creditworthiness.
4) The Method of Verification: The method of verification also plays a significant role in the accuracy of background checks. For example, a simple online search may not yield accurate results, while a more thorough investigation that involves speaking to references and conducting multiple interviews will likely produce more accurate results.
Let's look at some real-life examples to illustrate the effect of these factors on the accuracy of background checks.
1) A Data Breach: In 2018, Marriott International announced that it had suffered a data breach that affected over 500 million customers. The breach involved the theft of personal information such as names, addresses, and payment card information. As a result, the accuracy of background checks utilizing that data becomes compromised.
2) Limited Investigation: In 2018, a young man named Cedric Marks was arrested in Texas on a charge of burglary. Despite a history of domestic violence and kidnapping, Marks passed a background check to become a MMA fighter. The background check failed to uncover his checkered past because it was done without proper investigation.
3) Errors on Criminal Records: An investigation by The New York Times found that errors in criminal records are more common than previously thought, making it difficult for employers to accurately evaluate candidates. Mistakes in criminal records can have disastrous consequences, such as the wrong person losing out on a job or an individual being wrongly accused of a crime.
The accuracy of background checks is complicated and varies widely. While background checks can provide valuable information, incorrect or incomplete data can lead to inaccurate conclusions that harm individuals and companies alike. The factors impacting the accuracy of background checks include the quality of data, the depth of investigation, the type of background check, and the method of verification. Ultimately, a thorough and critical review of all available information is necessary to ensure that background checks yield accurate results. Therefore, it's essential to consider all aspects of background checks before using them as a basis for making decisions that could impact an individual's future.