Background checks are an essential aspect of any recruitment process. Whether it’s for a job, volunteer work, or tenancy agreement, background checks ensure the safety and integrity of the organization. Background checks are completed by obtaining information about an individual's past actions, behaviors, or information that helps determine their suitability for a particular role.
There are several types of background checks used by employers, landlords, and agencies. Each type helps employers to evaluate a potential employee, tenant, or volunteer's background before making a decision. In this article, we’ll discuss some of the different types of background checks.
1. Criminal Background Check
One of the most common types of background checks is a criminal background check. This type of background check can include information about arrest records, convictions, and sentences. Criminal background checks help employers evaluate a potential employee's criminal history to determine whether they pose a risk to the organization.
Employers can use criminal background checks to screen candidates for specific positions, such as those involving finances, children, or vulnerable people. For instance, a daycare facility may require criminal background checks to ensure the safety of their customers. It's important to note that employers need to obtain written permission from the individual before conducting a criminal background check.
2. Credit Check
A credit check is another type of background check used by employers to evaluate a candidate’s financial history. Credit checks can reveal a candidate’s credit score, debt, and payment history. This type of background check is usually conducted when hiring for financial positions or jobs requiring the handling of money or sensitive information.
However, it’s important to note that employers must disclose the reason for the credit check and obtain permission from the candidate before conducting it. Federal law prohibits employers from conducting credit checks on candidates in some states.
3. Employment Verification
Employment verification is a background check that confirms a potential employee’s work history. Employers can use employment verification to verify information provided by the candidate, such as employment dates and job titles. This type of background check can also reveal gaps in employment or discrepancies in employment history that could indicate dishonesty.
4. Educational Verification
Educational verification is a type of background check that confirms a candidate’s educational history. Educational verification checks can include confirmation of degrees and certificates obtained, as well as transcripts and enrollment dates. This type of background check is useful for positions requiring specific degrees or certifications.
5. Reference Check
A reference check is a type of background check that involves contacting the candidate’s references to confirm information given by the candidate. Reference checks typically involve contacting former employers, coworkers, or personal acquaintances. This type of background check helps employers evaluate a candidate's work ethic, reliability, and character.
6. Social Media Background Check
Social media background checks are a relatively new type of background check that can provide employers with insight into a potential employee’s online presence. Social media background checks can include checking public social media profiles for information about criminal activity or disruptive behavior. This type of background check is increasingly common for positions requiring high levels of confidentiality or for jobs that involve working with children or other vulnerable populations.
7. Driving Record Check
A driving record check is a background check that confirms a candidate’s driving history. Employers typically conduct driving record checks when hiring drivers or for jobs requiring driving as part of the job duties. This type of background check can help employers identify candidates with a history of accidents, reckless driving, or violations.
Background checks are an important part of the hiring process. Employers use various types of background checks to ensure the safety and integrity of their organizations. Understanding the different types of background checks can help job seekers prepare for the hiring process and provide employers with relevant information to make informed hiring decisions. Always remember that employers need to obtain written permission from candidates to conduct most types of background checks.